Bursting Disc (Rupture Disc) Handling and Installation
One of the most common causes of a rupture disc (bursting disc) failing pre-maturely is caused by the incorrect installation or incorrect handling of the rupture disc. ESI have seen this many times and we offer training for operators / technicians on the correct methods of installation and handling to avoid these issues. A simple mistake can cause the rupture disc to fail resulting in downtime, lost product and potentially high costs.
Provided the Installation, operating and maintenance manual (IOM) and correct handling procedures are followed, these potential early failures can be avoided.
CDC Rupture Discs are precision instruments that must be handled with care, especially during installation, to ensure the rupture discs burst within their correct range.
The Safety Damage Ratio on the Sanitrx-HPX for example, is 1:1, meaning if the disc is damaged in any way, the rupture disc will burst at or below (never above) the stamped burst pressure. Once a rupture disc has been installed, if it has to be removed for any reason (inspection for example), the disc must be discarded and not re-installed.
Please see our video showing you an example of mishandling and see how the disc fails at a much lower pressure than the stamped burst pressure. Incorrect installation will cause the same results.
Correct installation procedures of a Bursting Disc
Correct installation procedures are found on CDC’s website here, and also every rupture disc in its original box from the factory will have a hard copy of the IOM.
Non-sanitary discs that use holders will have a specific torque value for each size of holder and flange rating. Also, the bolts on the flange have a specific pattern to be torque down, and at certain increments. So for example, the first stage would be to torque the flange bolts down 25% of the total torque value, in a specific pattern (the IOM will show you the numbered bolts). Incorrect torque values may not seal the bursting disc against the holder causing a leak. Also, unevenly torqued bolts will cause the disc to become damaged by too much force being applied to one side.
High cycling duty can also cause early failure of the disc. CDC’s HPX is a unique rupture disc developed for sustained use in arduous and high-cycling pressures systems. You can read more on this in our Blog “Prevent Premature Rupture Disc Failure on Gas Compressor Cooling Systems”
If you are in doubt or need more information, please call us and we can run through the installation procedures for your bursting discs and arrange the proper training if required.